The Fontan procedure is a palliative surgical procedure proposed to children who have abnormal hearts, and cannot have their hearts repaired with two working chambers or ventricules.
After the Fontan procedure, the heart ejects the blood with oxygen in the body while the blood without oxygen is ejected in the lungs without being pushed by the heart as in normal heart configurations.
There are many different abnormal heart conditions known that requires a Fontan Procedure. The most frequent ones are
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
Unbalanced atrio-ventricular septal defect
Double outlet right ventricle
Double inlet left ventricle
Pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum
The procedure is named after the doctor who was the first to describe the procedure back in 1971, Dr. Francis Fontan. The procedure consist usually in 3 surgeries.
The European Fontan Association